She was named after the patroness of pregnant women and mothers, but Sin Saimdan rebelled all her life against the traditional female role. A magnificent education, which Korean women did not rely on in the Middle Ages, the secret role of the head of the family, spiritual practices, poems and paintings … In South Korea, she is considered a national heroine and decorated with portraits of stamps and banknotes. And glorified her drawings depicting … watermelons and mice.
Sin Saimdan was born in the 16th century in the old and noble family of Pensan Sin, about which legends were composed. The ancestor of this family was considered a marksman, who pleased with his hunting skills the first king of Korea, and the descendants, miraculously, all Koreans named Sin. At birth, Sin Saimdan was called Ying Song. Continue reading
Portrait bookplate – one of the oldest types of book characters – appeared after the stamp. The first engraved bookplate is considered the emblem of the knight Bernhardt von Rohrbach, made in 1460 by the German engraver Bartel Schön. The portrait ex-libris was not long in coming; the earliest surviving portrait ex-libris was made in 1498 for the Basel Bishop of Limberger. It is not necessary to doubt the time of appearance of this bookplate, it shows the date of its creation, no date was indicated on any of its predecessors.
The origin of portraiture dates back to ancient times. The oldest known attempt to portray a human face has 27 millennia, it was discovered in the cave of Villoner near the French city of Angouleme in the department of Charente. The word “portrait” originates from the outdated French word portraire – to write off someone’s image. The first who proposed to use the term “portrait” exclusively for “depicting a (concrete) human being” was the French art historian and official court historian of King Louis XIV Andre Felibien. Continue reading
The technique of color prints on paper and other materials has been known for a very long time. In India, China, color printing was used to decorate fabrics. The signet was cut out on a tree. In Europe, in the fourteenth century, books and individual engraved sheets began to decorate with color prints. At the beginning of the XVI century, artists from Germany, Italy, France and the Netherlands began to work in this technique. We are aware of high-level Chinese color prints of the 17th century. Early European engravings are made in 2-3 colors with a predominance of black contour. In Italian engravings, the outline black color is printed in places of shadow. Japanese color engraving appeared later and was more decorative, made in 2-3 boards and had a black outline, individual engravings were done in technique and up to 12 boards. The main Continue reading