Color linocut
The technique of color prints on paper and other materials has been known for a very long time. In India, China, color printing was used to decorate fabrics. The signet…

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"The Luxury Theologian of the Duke of Berry"
The Limburg brothers - Paul, Jean and Ehrman - were miniature painters of the 14th-15th centuries. By common labor-intensive work, they managed to create one of the most beautiful illustrated…

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Monumental painting. Wall painting
Monumental painting - painting on architectural structures and other stationary foundations. The main technique of monumental painting is a mural, which, together with mosaics and stained glass, is more often…

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Don Quixote in a book graphic

There are books that shocked me, with which I lived and with which I was forever connected by the memory of my mind and heart. Such recognition of the remarkable expert and master of book art, people’s artist of Russia N.V. Kuzmina could justifiably be shared by many admirers of Don Quixote, for whom this amazing book truly became a life partner, spiritual and moral support, a source of creative inspiration.

The ingenious work of Miguel le Cervantes Saavedra belongs to a rare number of those works of world literature, whose immortal images – Don Quixote, Sancho Panza, Dulsineya Tobos – live in the human mind along with real historical figures. Due to their unusual fate, these images constantly attracted the attention of people from various fields of art, and, first of all, fine art.

Don Quixote bookplate Among admirers of the famous novel by Cervantes, there has long been a desire to capture his “visible images” on the book signs of his book collections. Bookplates, the appearance of which dates back to the middle of the 15th century – the initial period of printing, traditionally being book-ownership marks, a kind of “protective diploma” of a book and library, at the same time, always symbolized the eternal respect and love of a Continue reading

MODERN PORTRAIT EXCLIBRIS

Portrait bookplate – one of the oldest types of book characters – appeared after the stamp. The first engraved bookplate is considered the emblem of the knight Bernhardt von Rohrbach, made in 1460 by the German engraver Bartel Schön. The portrait ex-libris was not long in coming; the earliest surviving portrait ex-libris was made in 1498 for the Basel Bishop of Limberger. It is not necessary to doubt the time of appearance of this bookplate, it shows the date of its creation, no date was indicated on any of its predecessors.

The origin of portraiture dates back to ancient times. The oldest known attempt to portray a human face has 27 millennia, it was discovered in the cave of Villoner near the French city of Angouleme in the department of Charente. The word “portrait” originates from the outdated French word portraire – to write off someone’s image. The first who proposed to use the term “portrait” exclusively for “depicting a (concrete) human being” was the French art historian and official court historian of King Louis XIV Andre Felibien. Continue reading

Etching techniques in modern graphics

The story of the bookplate gives us an example of an amazing, but fairly common metamorphosis. Born as an ordinary utilitarian owner’s signature, the bookplate turned into an independent section of artistic printed graphics, as well as into a collectible. Something similar happened with postcards, stamps, labels, posters …

The first books were unusually expensive, their possession was comparable by today’s standards with the possession of a representative car, so leaving the owner’s signature in the book was absolutely natural. Conventional signatures gradually evolved into font compositions, and began to grow into various decorations. And since the owners of the books were mainly titled people, instead of the owner’s signature, his coat of arms appeared. To reproduce complex compositions, it became necessary to create printed forms, Continue reading

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How the Golden Age Changed the World
Historians agree that the Renaissance arose in Italy (several theories have been put forward explaining why this period began in Italy). The wealth of Italy increased significantly XIV-XVI centuries. Favorable…

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5 main mysteries of the most expensive painting in the history of painting: “Savior of the world” by Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci is considered one of the brightest minds in the history of mankind. Leonardo da Vinci's "Savior of the World" is called "the most beautiful sign of a…

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ENGLISH EARLY EXCLIBRIS
On Monday, December 5, 1836, a report on heraldic book signs was published by his member Rev. Daniel Parsons at the Society of Heraldry and Archeology of the University of…

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"Princess Dream": why did the imperial academy reject the picture of Vrubel?
This magnificent panel is called the most famous in Moscow. Panel, which was approved by the emperor himself, but rejected by the Academy of Arts. What did Princess Dreams like…

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