"Princess Dream": why did the imperial academy reject the picture of Vrubel?
This magnificent panel is called the most famous in Moscow. Panel, which was approved by the emperor himself, but rejected by the Academy of Arts. What did Princess Dreams like…

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MODERN LINOGRAPHY
There are works of art that can be brought into the house, hung on the wall, put in a folder. This print - lithography, linocut, etching, woodcut. Estamp (in French…

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"The Luxury Theologian of the Duke of Berry"
The Limburg brothers - Paul, Jean and Ehrman - were miniature painters of the 14th-15th centuries. By common labor-intensive work, they managed to create one of the most beautiful illustrated…

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properties of engraving

George Washington Book Sign

George Washington was commander in chief of the continental army during the Revolutionary War in 1775-1781 and the first president of the United States in 1789-1897. Naturally, the bookplate of such a person is of great interest to collectors and historians. There is a legend that the idea of ​​a star-striped American flag was conceived from the stars and stripes on the coat of arms of Washington, but this is doubtful. Benjamin Franklin – an associate of Washington, one of the designers of the Great Seal of the United States, spoke about the stars and stripes on the coat of arms: “We, not he – he did not know this, took his coat of arms, multiplied and glorified his path to our magnificent national banner” . This was written in the poem Drama in Five Acts (A Drama in Five Acts. New York. 1876). popular English poet M.F. Tapper (M.F. Tupper) and consistent with the patriotic impulse of society. The story was repeated many times and served as an occasion for this legend. George Washington himself said the following about the meaning of the flag design: “We took the stars from the sky, red is the color of our Motherland, the white stripes that separate it mean that we have separated from it, these white stripes will go down in history as a symbol of Freedom.”

Bookplate of J. Washington – Rococo-style heraldic chippendale. The emblem of the family, which has been Continue reading

EXCLIBRES OF MASONS

For a long time, the construction of huge cathedrals continued in the Middle Ages. Builders settled in the immediate vicinity of the construction site, gradually entering into close relations with each other. Over time, these unions formed workshops. The rules for relations between members, the admission of new comrades, and the resolution of disputes were developed. A ceremony was also established for various occasions. The room where they stored their tools was called a lodge. Hence, the brotherhood of builders and their assemblies were called the “lodge”, and their members – free masons (free mason). Then the lodge became known as the main organizational unit of Freemasonry. As you know, the workshops were closed to people of other professions. But from the end of the 16th century, non-construction workers — “outside masons”, rich and scholars who had the idea to use building partnerships as the basis for creating secret isoteric societies — gained access there.

Masons carry out ritual ceremonies and, although there is no single Masonic ritual, many of them are very similar. For example, all Masons use in their rites the architectural symbolism of the tools of medieval masons, especially two of them – a square and a pair of compasses, which are always in the box. Masons should “verify their actions with a square” Continue reading

ENGLISH EARLY EXCLIBRIS

On Monday, December 5, 1836, a report on heraldic book signs was published by his member Rev. Daniel Parsons at the Society of Heraldry and Archeology of the University of Oxford, which was published in the Third Annual Report of the Society on May 31, 1837 goals. This is the first print book about bookplates, which appeared in England after several centuries people in many European countries used these small pieces of paper, their style and technique reflect the spirit and fashion of the era in which they were created. The first bookplates were heraldic, their design obeyed the canons of heraldry. Heraldic bookplates can tell us about the nobility of the owner’s family, his titles, occupation and seniority in the family. Daniel Parsons intended to write The Story of the Bookplate, but, unfortunately, did not live to publish.

The English bookplate of the Tudor era. People began to seriously engage in collecting, and, therefore, the study of bookplate in the second half of the nineteenth century. In 1874, the book French Ex libris was published, by Auguste Poulet-Malassis (1825-1878), and the following year this book with significant additions to the text and illustrations was published in the second edition. England took the baton. In London, in 1880, L. Warren’s book Continue reading

The alignment of forces in the modern art market: the largest auction houses
If we talk about the current state of the global art market as a whole, then three hegemonic countries - the USA, China, and Great Britain - “rule the ball”…

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How a medieval rebel artist from Korea glorified watermelons and mice
She was named after the patroness of pregnant women and mothers, but Sin Saimdan rebelled all her life against the traditional female role. A magnificent education, which Korean women did…

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Secret meanings of the masterpiece fresco "Maesta" by Simone Martini
The student of the great founder of the Renaissance, Giotto and favorite Modigliani, Simone Martini, embodied Siena artistic principles in his work, introduced many innovations into painting art, which became…

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Secret meanings of the masterpiece fresco "Maesta" by Simone Martini
The student of the great founder of the Renaissance, Giotto and favorite Modigliani, Simone Martini, embodied Siena artistic principles in his work, introduced many innovations into painting art, which became…

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