How and why, after 100 years, the “Lady with the Unicorn” by Rafael Santi has changed
At the beginning of the 16th century, Rafael Santi created the painting “The Lady with the Unicorn”, which was included in the “golden fund” of High Renaissance painting. It is…

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What is the subtext of the largest oil painting
Tintoretto is included in the galaxy of the best masters of the late Renaissance along with Veronese and Titian. His colleagues are distinguished by the highest speed of work, as…

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5 main mysteries of the most expensive painting in the history of painting: “Savior of the world” by Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci is considered one of the brightest minds in the history of mankind. Leonardo da Vinci's "Savior of the World" is called "the most beautiful sign of a…

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Pierre-Auguste

George Washington Book Sign

George Washington was commander in chief of the continental army during the Revolutionary War in 1775-1781 and the first president of the United States in 1789-1897. Naturally, the bookplate of such a person is of great interest to collectors and historians. There is a legend that the idea of ​​a star-striped American flag was conceived from the stars and stripes on the coat of arms of Washington, but this is doubtful. Benjamin Franklin – an associate of Washington, one of the designers of the Great Seal of the United States, spoke about the stars and stripes on the coat of arms: “We, not he – he did not know this, took his coat of arms, multiplied and glorified his path to our magnificent national banner” . This was written in the poem Drama in Five Acts (A Drama in Five Acts. New York. 1876). popular English poet M.F. Tapper (M.F. Tupper) and consistent with the patriotic impulse of society. The story was repeated many times and served as an occasion for this legend. George Washington himself said the following about the meaning of the flag design: “We took the stars from the sky, red is the color of our Motherland, the white stripes that separate it mean that we have separated from it, these white stripes will go down in history as a symbol of Freedom.”

Bookplate of J. Washington – Rococo-style heraldic chippendale. The emblem of the family, which has been Continue reading

EXCLIBRES OF MASONS

For a long time, the construction of huge cathedrals continued in the Middle Ages. Builders settled in the immediate vicinity of the construction site, gradually entering into close relations with each other. Over time, these unions formed workshops. The rules for relations between members, the admission of new comrades, and the resolution of disputes were developed. A ceremony was also established for various occasions. The room where they stored their tools was called a lodge. Hence, the brotherhood of builders and their assemblies were called the “lodge”, and their members – free masons (free mason). Then the lodge became known as the main organizational unit of Freemasonry. As you know, the workshops were closed to people of other professions. But from the end of the 16th century, non-construction workers — “outside masons”, rich and scholars who had the idea to use building partnerships as the basis for creating secret isoteric societies — gained access there.

Masons carry out ritual ceremonies and, although there is no single Masonic ritual, many of them are very similar. For example, all Masons use in their rites the architectural symbolism of the tools of medieval masons, especially two of them – a square and a pair of compasses, which are always in the box. Masons should “verify their actions with a square” Continue reading

Linocut

Linocut got its name from linoleum material. Linoleum as a material for engraving originated in Europe, and at the beginning of the first decade of the 20th century in Russia. The first Russian artist to use linocut N.I. Sheverdyaev, and in this technique was a great success. Among those Russian artists who seriously took up linoleum and studied its technology was I.N. Pavlov. In his prints, he exhaustively showed the tonal and textural capabilities of a new material for that time. The artist V.D. did a lot for the development of linocut Falileev. In his hand-printed engravings, he showed new uses for opaque oil paints, achieving remarkable effects that leave a great impression.

Engraving on linoleum was done by such artists as B.M. Kustodiev, M.V. Matorin, P.N. Staronosov, I.A. Sokolov, V.A. Favorsky, N.I. Piskarev and Continue reading

Etching techniques in modern graphics
The story of the bookplate gives us an example of an amazing, but fairly common metamorphosis. Born as an ordinary utilitarian owner’s signature, the bookplate turned into an independent section…

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The mystery of the ancient ceremony in the picture of Bridgman: "The procession of the bull Anubis"
Frederick Arthur Bridgman is one of the most popular Orientalist painters. He created a canvas that carries the viewer in the time of Ancient Egypt. What secrets of the Egyptian…

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ANCIENT ENGLISH PAINTING, FAMOUS ENGLISH ARTISTS
Collectors of antique paintings are conservative in their passions. Of greatest interest are the Italian masters of the Renaissance, the old Dutch and German painters, French impressionists and some others.…

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SEARCH BREAKTHROUGH PANELS
Types of breakthroughs in size and shape are very different. Round shapes are rare, most often in the direction of the threads of the canvas. Breakthroughs are straight, angular, steps…

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