How the world's most famous paintings were created: Intriguing stories of paintings by great artists
Grigory Landau, a journalist and philosopher, once said this: “Art is a dialogue in which the interlocutor is silent.” Painting is a subtle art, allegorical, emotional, giving freedom in interpretation.…

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THE BORDER OF THE XVIII-XIX CENTURIES. NEW TRENDS IN ENGLISH PAINTING
The end of the 18th century was marked by great upheavals. The French Revolution and the era of Napoleon brought to the forefront of new heroes - the military, politicians,…

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GOLDEN AGE OF THE ENGLISH AQUARIAN SCHOOL.
The works of the masters of the Georgian era, who vividly demonstrated the picturesque possibilities of watercolors, honed the already known technical methods and created many new ones, led to…

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Life in art. Pictures in your home and office

What fundamentally different modern approach to home design from previous periods? A resident of a modern metropolis pays great attention to the functionality of his home, of course, seeks to make it attractive and harmonious. Nevertheless, the main difference of our time is a clear division into useful and demon, functional and decorative, necessary and not so.

A wealthy Renaissance homeowner could hardly have imagined such a fractional picture. In his understanding, the ideal home was to harmoniously combine architecture, functionality and decor. Works of art were an integral part of the equation, testifying not only to the individuality of their owner, but also about his position in society, the size of his condition, the diversity of interests and the presence or absence of taste. Behind all this was a person’s desire to turn his life into art, to give it the greatest Continue reading

GLASS MODERN EMIL GALLE

Emil Galle (1846 – 1904) became the main figure for glassmaking of the Art Nouveau era. His work refracted the traditions of European and Eastern art, giving rise to a completely new style that combined deep symbolism, close attention to nature, an infinite variety of techniques, amazing freedom and sophistication of form. Emil Galle was born in Nancy, a small city in Lorraine, in the family of an entrepreneur who was engaged in the trade and production of glass and earthenware. Emil Galle’s career began with work at a family business. He later collaborated with the Burgun, Schwerer & Co. factory in Meisenthal. Already in 1867, Halle created an art studio, and in 1894 he headed his glass production in Nancy. If in the early period of his work Halle created mainly sketches of dishes from transparent colorless material with engraving or painting, then in his studio he begins a series of technological experiments. As a result, many new techniques were invented and patented, old technologies were revived, and an unprecedentedly diverse palette of shades of colored glass was created. In 1882, Emil Galle began the production of laminated glass material, which became one of the symbols of Art Nouveau. The most important subject of multilayer decor was engraving, which could be carried out mechanically (wheel engraving) or chemical (etching). The pinnacle of Halle’s work was cameo glass, a laminated glass onto which the Continue reading

EXCLIBRES OF MASONS

For a long time, the construction of huge cathedrals continued in the Middle Ages. Builders settled in the immediate vicinity of the construction site, gradually entering into close relations with each other. Over time, these unions formed workshops. The rules for relations between members, the admission of new comrades, and the resolution of disputes were developed. A ceremony was also established for various occasions. The room where they stored their tools was called a lodge. Hence, the brotherhood of builders and their assemblies were called the “lodge”, and their members – free masons (free mason). Then the lodge became known as the main organizational unit of Freemasonry. As you know, the workshops were closed to people of other professions. But from the end of the 16th century, non-construction workers — “outside masons”, rich and scholars who had the idea to use building partnerships as the basis for creating secret isoteric societies — gained access there.

Masons carry out ritual ceremonies and, although there is no single Masonic ritual, many of them are very similar. For example, all Masons use in their rites the architectural symbolism of the tools of medieval masons, especially two of them – a square and a pair of compasses, which are always in the box. Masons should “verify their actions with a square” Continue reading

MODERN PORTRAIT EXCLIBRIS
Portrait bookplate - one of the oldest types of book characters - appeared after the stamp. The first engraved bookplate is considered the emblem of the knight Bernhardt von Rohrbach,…

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ENGLISH CARICATURE.
A significant part of old English engravings is represented by caricatures. The genre of caricature itself existed before. The cartoons of Leonardo da Vinci are known, many canvases of Brueghel…

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How and why, after 100 years, the “Lady with the Unicorn” by Rafael Santi has changed
At the beginning of the 16th century, Rafael Santi created the painting “The Lady with the Unicorn”, which was included in the “golden fund” of High Renaissance painting. It is…

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MODERN LINOGRAPHY
There are works of art that can be brought into the house, hung on the wall, put in a folder. This print - lithography, linocut, etching, woodcut. Estamp (in French…

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