Europe to become
At the beginning of the 16th century, Rafael Santi created the painting “The Lady with the Unicorn”, which was included in the “golden fund” of High Renaissance painting. It is unlikely that the artist could have imagined that through the centuries his canvas will be changed beyond recognition, and art critics will argue about why the image was changed?
Rafael Santi (1483-1520) – is included in the galaxy of the best Renaissance artists along with Leonardo and Michelangelo. He differs from his colleagues in his youthful years (he created a large number of masterpieces as a young man) and the most outstanding portraits in history. His name became legendary during his lifetime, and his art is a clear embodiment of harmony, balance and clarity of style. As a true Continue reading
Cardboard – the most common and affordable material, the cheapest and most convenient for work. There are many different types of cardboard with various properties. The best is Bristol, made from the best varieties of white paper. A good cardboard is prepared from waste paper, hemp is gray or black. The most loose cardboard is made from straw and has a yellowish color. There are many different grades of this material with different properties and all of it is suitable for engraving. Cardboard thickness must be at least 2 mm. For engraving, it is best to use cardboard 5 mm thick, very durable with a smooth surface. Consider two types of printing on cardboard: letterpress and intaglio. Continue reading
Engraving is the youngest of the visual arts. If the origin of painting, sculpture, drawing, architecture is lost in prehistoric epochs, then the appearance of engraving is more or less accurately known to us: this is the turn of the XIV and XV centuries. In the East, in China, engraving arose much earlier, in the VIII century, but there it remained a local phenomenon that did not go beyond the borders of this country.
The origin of the art of engraving in Europe
Despite the fact that the main varieties of engraving have their own technological prototypes that existed in earlier times (for woodcuts these are stamps and seals, for incisors engravings this is the craft of goldsmiths, for etching – workshops of gunsmiths), engravings in the true sense of the word , as an imprint on paper of an image cut out on a special board, appears only in the XIV century.
This phenomenon, exceptional for history, the birth of a completely new kind of art, was determined by several reasons – technological, aesthetic, social. In order for the engraving to develop, first of all, a suitable and easily accessible material Continue reading