ENGLISH ANTIQUE ENGRAVING, ENGLISH STYLE XVII-BEGINNING OF THE XX CENTURY.
Engraved English school is much younger than Italian, German or Dutch. The history of English engraving, apparently, should be from the end of the 15th century. The first known engravings…

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Cardboard Engraving
Cardboard - the most common and affordable material, the cheapest and most convenient for work. There are many different types of cardboard with various properties. The best is Bristol, made…

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“Moonlit Night on the Dnieper”: Why did the audience look for a light bulb behind Kuindzhi’s picture
The picture "Moonlit Night on the Dnieper" can be safely called the most famous masterpiece of the Russian artist Arkhip Kuindzhi - one of the greatest Russian landscape painters of…

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visually increased

What is the subtext of the largest oil painting

Tintoretto is included in the galaxy of the best masters of the late Renaissance along with Veronese and Titian. His colleagues are distinguished by the highest speed of work, as well as sparkling and spiritual talent. Why did Venice artists not like him, and what is the implication of Paradise, the largest oil painting in the world?

Tintoretto biography and creativity
The Tintoretto family (his real name is Jacopo Robusti) came from Lombardy. Father, Giovanni, was a dye (tintore), and his son was nicknamed Tintoretto – “little dyer.” Jacopo was born and worked in Venice, which at that time was a storehouse of talents. The favorable geographical position (Venice Continue reading

How and why, after 100 years, the “Lady with the Unicorn” by Rafael Santi has changed

At the beginning of the 16th century, Rafael Santi created the painting “The Lady with the Unicorn”, which was included in the “golden fund” of High Renaissance painting. It is unlikely that the artist could have imagined that through the centuries his canvas will be changed beyond recognition, and art critics will argue about why the image was changed?

Rafael Santi (1483-1520) – is included in the galaxy of the best Renaissance artists along with Leonardo and Michelangelo. He differs from his colleagues in his youthful years (he created a large number of masterpieces as a young man) and the most outstanding portraits in history. His name became legendary during his lifetime, and his art is a clear embodiment of harmony, balance and clarity of style. As a true Continue reading

SEARCH BREAKTHROUGH PANELS

Types of breakthroughs in size and shape are very different. Round shapes are rare, most often in the direction of the threads of the canvas. Breakthroughs are straight, angular, steps or zigzag.
Most often, breakouts are formed at thin canvases, thick ones are torn less often, but then it is more difficult to restore them. Before bursting a strong, dense canvas resists more strongly, at first it stretches to the limit and then breaks. Therefore, around the through gap, curvatures, bulges or concavities of the canvas are formed that affect the soil and the paint layer. Thin canvases usually tear more easily, with less deformation of the edges of the breakthrough and therefore it is easier to restore.

Due to the action of the canvas tension force, over time the edges of the breakthrough bend and do not converge. To restore such a breakthrough is Continue reading

MODERN PORTRAIT EXCLIBRIS
Portrait bookplate - one of the oldest types of book characters - appeared after the stamp. The first engraved bookplate is considered the emblem of the knight Bernhardt von Rohrbach,…

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How and why, after 100 years, the “Lady with the Unicorn” by Rafael Santi has changed
At the beginning of the 16th century, Rafael Santi created the painting “The Lady with the Unicorn”, which was included in the “golden fund” of High Renaissance painting. It is…

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"The Luxury Theologian of the Duke of Berry"
The Limburg brothers - Paul, Jean and Ehrman - were miniature painters of the 14th-15th centuries. By common labor-intensive work, they managed to create one of the most beautiful illustrated…

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"Portrait of Madame X"
When John Singer Sargent unveiled his portrait of a woman in black in 1884, Parisian society literally broke out with indignation. The artist was forced to leave the country, and…

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