The painting “Spring” (“Primavera”) was called a “mythological mystery”, and critics did not agree on the meaning of the canvas: an allegory of a wedding or a fertile season? The glorification of Venus or beauty? There are many interpretations of “Spring”, while one does not exclude the other. What mysteries does this famous painting by Botticelli hide?
Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, nicknamed Botticelli was born and died in Florence. He became a favorite artist of the Medici family. For an influential patron, he created his most famous paintings. In 1482, Lorenzo Medici ordered “Spring” as a wedding present to his 17-year-old nephew Lorenzo di Continue reading
On Monday, December 5, 1836, a report on heraldic book signs was published by his member Rev. Daniel Parsons at the Society of Heraldry and Archeology of the University of Oxford, which was published in the Third Annual Report of the Society on May 31, 1837 goals. This is the first print book about bookplates, which appeared in England after several centuries people in many European countries used these small pieces of paper, their style and technique reflect the spirit and fashion of the era in which they were created. The first bookplates were heraldic, their design obeyed the canons of heraldry. Heraldic bookplates can tell us about the nobility of the owner’s family, his titles, occupation and seniority in the family. Daniel Parsons intended to write The Story of the Bookplate, but, unfortunately, did not live to publish.
The English bookplate of the Tudor era. People began to seriously engage in collecting, and, therefore, the study of bookplate in the second half of the nineteenth century. In 1874, the book French Ex libris was published, by Auguste Poulet-Malassis (1825-1878), and the following year this book with significant additions to the text and illustrations was published in the second edition. England took the baton. In London, in 1880, L. Warren’s book Continue reading
Portrait bookplate – one of the oldest types of book characters – appeared after the stamp. The first engraved bookplate is considered the emblem of the knight Bernhardt von Rohrbach, made in 1460 by the German engraver Bartel Schön. The portrait ex-libris was not long in coming; the earliest surviving portrait ex-libris was made in 1498 for the Basel Bishop of Limberger. It is not necessary to doubt the time of appearance of this bookplate, it shows the date of its creation, no date was indicated on any of its predecessors.
The origin of portraiture dates back to ancient times. The oldest known attempt to portray a human face has 27 millennia, it was discovered in the cave of Villoner near the French city of Angouleme in the department of Charente. The word “portrait” originates from the outdated French word portraire – to write off someone’s image. The first who proposed to use the term “portrait” exclusively for “depicting a (concrete) human being” was the French art historian and official court historian of King Louis XIV Andre Felibien. Continue reading