George Washington Book Sign
George Washington was commander in chief of the continental army during the Revolutionary War in 1775-1781 and the first president of the United States in 1789-1897. Naturally, the bookplate of…

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"The Luxury Theologian of the Duke of Berry"
The Limburg brothers - Paul, Jean and Ehrman - were miniature painters of the 14th-15th centuries. By common labor-intensive work, they managed to create one of the most beautiful illustrated…

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Portrait bookplate - one of the oldest types of book characters - appeared after the stamp. The first engraved bookplate is considered the emblem of the knight Bernhardt von Rohrbach,…

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Auctions make

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5 main mysteries of the most expensive painting in the history of painting: “Savior of the world” by Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo da Vinci is considered one of the brightest minds in the history of mankind. Leonardo da Vinci’s “Savior of the World” is called “the most beautiful sign of a question that has ever been written.” And at the same time, this is one of the most expensive paintings in the world, with which there are a lot of scandals, puzzles and secrets. What conceals this canvas and what causes its scandalousness?


The painting depicts the figure of Christ – a long-haired man with a beard who looks directly at the viewer. He raised one hand with a blessing, and in the other holds a transparent sphere. Continue reading

“Princess Dream”: why did the imperial academy reject the picture of Vrubel?

This magnificent panel is called the most famous in Moscow. Panel, which was approved by the emperor himself, but rejected by the Academy of Arts. What did Princess Dreams like about the emperor and for what did she get a public response?

Artist Biography
Artist Mikhail Vrubel was born in Omsk. He studied at the Faculty of Law at St. Petersburg University, and then studied at the Academy of Arts. He was a comprehensively talented person: an artist, a graphic artist, a designer of arts and crafts, an illustrator, and even an architect.
It is said that Vrubel’s decision to enter the Academy of Arts after university was influenced by his Continue reading

Antoine Jean Grou

In June 1835, a man’s body was caught from the Seine River in the vicinity of the town of Medon. An investigation has established the identity and circumstances that led to this sad incident. The deceased turned out to be the artist Antoine-Jean Gros, the official painter of Napoleon I. Having survived his main customer and employer for fourteen years, Gros brought an end to his life – when he realized that he had changed the cause of his life.

Career Despite Revolution

At the time of his death, he was 64 years old. The life path of Antoine-Jean Gros fell on dramatic and difficult times for France. He achieved much in his profession – to be at the mercy of one of the greatest European rulers, to gain his trust and to create for decades his image for contemporaries and descendants, a heroic and idealized image – all this could not be considered a real success.

Antoine-Jean was born March 16, 1771 in Paris in the family of a miniature painter. These were the times of the absolute monarchy, and the rococo style reigned in art, and the younger Gro at first prepared the same future as Continue reading

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Antoine Jean Grou
In June 1835, a man’s body was caught from the Seine River in the vicinity of the town of Medon. An investigation has established the identity and circumstances that led…


I, as a restorer, are categorically against self-gluing and priming by the artist as a canvas. I hope it’s not worth explaining why. However, if you are still sure (I…


Deformations and the degree of deformation of the canvas can be very different, they depend both on the technology of the material and on the reasons that caused one or…


Linocut got its name from linoleum material. Linoleum as a material for engraving originated in Europe, and at the beginning of the first decade of the 20th century in Russia.…